Driving a laser diode

These diodes are not like normal Light Emitting diodes (LEDS), these diodes can use all the available power if not controlled. So it need to be attached to a current controlled DC source.

The Laser Diode(LD) module contains an Photo diode inbuilt, which monitors the output light intensity and used as a feedback for the control circuits. The terminals from laser diode are

  1. Laser Diode Cathode (LDA)
  2. Photo diode Anode (PDA)
  3. COMMON Positive

 



This is a simple description of cheapKeyChain Lasers that are sold for 5 bucks or so.The laser diode head has three pins labeled: LDC (Laser Diode Cathode), PDA (Photo Diode Anode) and COM+ (common Positive Terminal).Inside the laser diode head we find the laser diode itself and a photodiode, used to regulate the laser diode current with an external feedback loop.

 

A Schematic from MAXIM

 

 

 

References:

http://www.maxim-ic.com/app-notes/index.mvp/id/1769

http://www.ti.com/lit/an/sbea001/sbea001.pdf

http://george.ph.utexas.edu/~meyrath/informal/laser%20diode.pdf

http://www.repairfaq.org/sam/laserdps.htm

http://www.rog8811.com/laserdriver.htm

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